‘Greetings to the Angry Penguins’: Ern Malley, Harry Roskolenko and USA Connections


As Australia was turning, politically, away from England and towards America in the 1940s, a similar, though less discussed cultural shift was also taking place. Clem Christesen of Meanjin, and Angry Penguins' Max Harris were eager to reach American contributors and readers, and to extend their international contacts. The arrival of American forces provided an opportunity to reach the writers among them, an opportunity that neither editor missed. One American who published in Mean}in and Angry Penguins was New Yorker Harry Roskolenko. Max Harris, in the introduction to Roskolenko's American Civilization (1970), recalled the 1940s as 'seminal years [which] provided the one precise and exact moment of time when American and Australian experimental values carne into contact'. Roskolenko's papers at Boston University and at Syracuse University are a rich source of correspondence and manuscripts directly related to this connection with Angry Penguins and Reed & Harris, and they add an interesting postscript to his role in the Ern Malley affair, both in Australia and America. The importance of this connection to Roskolenko is clear; the Syracuse University papers are extensively annotated lest their significance in an Australian context should be overlooked.

The full text of this essay is available to ALS subscribers

Please sign in to access this article and the rest of our archive.

Published 1 May 1996 in Volume 17 No. 3. Subjects: Angry Penguins, Australian literary magazines, Ern Malley Hoax, Writers' tours & visits.

Cite as: Albinski, Nan Bowman. ‘‘Greetings to the Angry Penguins’: Ern Malley, Harry Roskolenko and USA Connections.’ Australian Literary Studies, vol. 17, no. 3, 1996, doi: 10.20314/als.86b785613f.