Persian Sheep, Hawksbill Turtles and Vodsels: The Ethics of Eating in Some Contemporary Narratives
Conventionally , novelists have represented meals where meat is eaten uncritically: such meals tend to generate experiences of bonding between the characters. The animals whose bodies are served are unacknowledged as the humans ignore or deny the ethics of their culinary practices. In the last decade or so, however, a number of writers have chosen to engage with the ethics of eating nonhuman animals in their representation of carnivorous meals. J.M. Coetzee's Disgrace (1999), Michel Faber's Under the Skin (2000), Jonathan Safran Foer's Everything Is Illuminated (2002) and Yann Martel's Life of Pi (2002) all merit analysis in this regard. In substance and tone the books vary in the attention given to conventional habits of eating: Coetzee's novel resonates throughout with the ethics of human-animal interactions, of which eating is just one; Foer's tale bas a character's vegetarianism as a significant factor in his travels; eating and the getting of carnivorous meals are a central concern of Faber's and Martel's texts. In their representations of eating animals, these writers challenge almost universally held dualistic notions of humans and animals by situating the reader ontologically so that s/he cannot avoid the ethical content of the text. To what extent the ethical sensibilities of the reader might be attuned to what Stephen Mulhall terms 'the moral force of literature' (7) will vary of course, but in all the texts eating is significant to the narrative.
Please sign in to access this article and the rest of our archive.